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Introduction to Integrated Low Cost Sanitation (ILCS) Scheme

The “Integrated Low Cost Sanitation” Scheme aims at conversion of individual dry latrine into pour flush latrine thereby liberating manual scavengers from the age old, obnoxious practice of manually carrying night soil.

ILCS scheme was initially started in 1980-81 through the Ministry of Home Affairs and later through Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. The scheme was transferred in 1989-90 to Ministry of Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation and from 2003-2004 onwards to Ministry of UEPA/HUPA. The scheme has helped in constructing/converting over 28 lakh latrines to liberate over 60000 scavengers so far. While implementing the ILCS scheme, it was observed that the scheme did not perform well due to various reasons. To make the scheme more attractive and implementable the Guidelines have been revised w.e.f. 17th January, 2008.

The main objective of the Scheme is to convert low cost sanitation units through sanitary two pit pour flush latrines with superstructures and appropriate variations to suit local conditions (area specific latrines), but 25% of the funds of the scheme are also made available for construction of new latrines where EWS households have no latrines.

The Scheme, as revised with effect from January 2008, envisages conversion of dry latrines into low cost twin pit pour flush latrines and construction of new individual toilets to Economically Weaker Section (EWS) house holds who have no latrines in the urban areas of the country.

Under the scheme the pattern of assistance is 75% Central Subsidy, 15% State Subsidy and 10% beneficiary share. An Upper ceiling cost of Rs.10,000/- is provided for the complete unit of a two pit pour flush individual latrine with superstructure (excluding States falling in difficult / hilly areas). For the States falling in the category of difficult and hilly areas, 25% extra cost is provided for each two pit pour flush latrine. The Scheme is limited to Economically Weaker Section (EWS) households only and does not entail a loan component. The Scheme is implemented by Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation directly.

The States have to select NGOs having adequate experience in this field who will be funded to a maximum extent of 15% over and above the total project cost to be borne by the Centre and States based on the ratio of 5:1 at different stages of implementation. 1% of total Central allocation is retained by the Ministry every year, to be utilized for Management Information System (MIS), Monitoring System, Capacity Building and Information, Education and Communication (IEC) components.

The urban local bodies or the state agencies designated/selected by the State Governments may send their proposals to the State Government, who after approval of the proposals by the State Coordination Committee will forward the same to the Regional Offices of HUDCO. Regional Offices of HUDCO after appraisal of the same will send the same to the HUDCO Headquarters. HUDCO Headquarters will scrutinize the proposals and send them to the Central Coordination Committee.

Integrated Low Cost Sanitation (ILCS) Scheme revised Guidelines:

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