- justification of the project;
- activities and implementation timeline;
- methodology; and
- human, material and financial resources required.
The project proposal should be a detailed and directed manifestation of the project design. It is a means of presenting the project to the outside world in a format that is immediately recognised and accepted.
Conducting preparatory work prior to proposal writing
A quality project proposal is the final product of a participatory process that involves considerable study, discussion and learning from past experiences
Interview past and prospective beneficiaries: Though feedback was likely received when the previous project ended, new benefits and conditions may have arisen since that time. Speak to prospective beneficiaries to ensure that what you are planning to offer is desired and needed
Review past project proposals: Avoid repeating mistakes and offering to reproduce results that have already been achieved. Donors will be unlikely to provide more funding for something that should already have been done.
Review past project evaluation reports: Don't count on project members to remember all the mistakes and areas for improvement from previous efforts
Organise focus groups: Make sure that the people you need are willing and able to contribute
Check statistical data: Don't let others discover gaps and inaccuracies in the data you are relying on
Consult experts: Outside opinions will give you ideas and credibility
Conduct surveys, etc. Gather as much preliminary information as possible to demonstrate commitment to the project to refine the objectives
Hold community meetings or forums: When the public feels that they have been consulted on an issue, they will be much more likely to cooperate and support the project
Adapted from "Project proposal writing" by Besim Nebiu