1.Need for Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)
As per 2001 population census 285.35 million people reside in urban areas. It constitutes 27.8% of the total population of the country. In post-independence era while population of India has grown three times, the urban population has grown five times. The rising urban population has also given rise to increase in the number of urban poor. As per 2001 estimates, the slum population is estimated to be 61.8 million. The ever increasing number of slum dwellers causes tremendous pressure on urban basic services and infrastructure. In order to cope with massive problems that have emerged as a result of rapid urban growth, it has become imperative to draw up a coherent urbanization policy/strategy to implement projects in select cities on mission mode.
2. Mission Statement
Reforms driven, fast track, planned development of identified cities with focus on efficiency in urban infrastructure/services delivery mechanism, community participation and accountability of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)/Parastatals towards citizens.
3. Mission Strategy
i. Planned urban perspective frameworks for a period of 20-25 years (with 5 yearly updates) indicating policies, programmes and strategies of meeting fund requirements would be prepared by every identified city.This perspective plan would be followed by preparation of Development Plans integrating land use with services,Urban transport and environment management for every five year plan period.
ii. Cities/Urban Agglomerations/Parastatals will be required to prepare Detailed Project Reports for undertaking projects under identified areas.
iii. Private Sector Participation in development, management and financing of Urban Infrastructure would be clearly delineated.
iv. Funds for the identified cities would be released to the designated State Nodal Agency, which in turn would leverage, to the extent feasible, additional resources from the financial institutions/private sector/capital market.
v. Funds from Central and State Government will flow directly to the nodal agency designated by the State, as grant. The nodal agency will disburse central assistance to ULBs or para-statal agencies as the case may be, as soft loan or grant-cum-loan or grant.
vi. A revolving fund will be created to meet the operation and maintenance costs of the assets created under the Mission.
4. Mission Objectives
a) Focussed attention to integrated development of infrastructural services in the cities covered under the Mission.
b) Secure effective linkages between asset creation and asset management so that the infrastructural services created in the cities are not only maintained efficiently but also become self-sustaining over time.
c) Ensure adequate investment of funds to fulfill deficiencies in the urban infrastructural services.
d) Planned development of identified cities including peri-urban areas, out growths, urban corridors, so that urbanization takes place in a dispersed manner.
e) Scale up delivery of civic amenities and provision of utilities with emphasis on universal access to urban poor.
f) To take up urban renewal programme, i.e., re-development of inner (old) cities area to reduce congestion.
5. Duration of the Mission
The duration of the Mission would be seven years beginning from 2005-06. During this period, the Mission will seek to ensure sustainable development of select cities. An evaluation of the experience of implementation of the Mission would be undertaken before the commencement of Eleventh Five Year Plan and if necessary, the programme calibrated suitably.
6. Scope of Mission Programme
The main thrust of the sub-Mission on Urban Infrastructure and Governance will be on major infrastructure projects relating to water supply including sanitation, sewerage, solid waste management, road network, urban transport and redevelopment of inner (old) city areas with a view to upgrading infrastructure therein, shifting industrial/commercial establishments to conforming areas, etc.
7. Mission Components
7.1 Admissible Components - Projects pertaining to the following will be admissible under the Sub-Mission on Urban Infrastructure and Governance.
i. Urban Renewal i.e redevelopment of inner (old) city areas [this would include items like widening of narrow streets, shifting of industrial/commercial establishments from non-conforming to `conforming’ areas to reduce congestion, replacement of old and worn-out water pipes by new/higher capacity ones, renewal of sewerage/drainage/solid waste disposal systems, etc].
ii. Water Supply (including desalination plants) and sanitation
iii. Sewerage and Solid Waste Management
iv. Construction and improvement of drains/storm water drains
v. Urban Transport, including roads, highways/expressways/ MRTS/metro projects.
vi. Parking lots/spaces on Public Private Partnership basis
vii. Development of heritage areas
viii.Prevention & rehabilitation of soil erosion/landslides only in case of Special Category States where such problems are common and
ix. Preservation of water bodies.
NOTE: Land cost will not be financed except for acquisition of private land for schemes/ projects in the North Eastern States and hilly States viz Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Jammu & Kashmir.
7.2 Inadmissible Components - Projects pertaining to the following will not be admissible under the Sub-Mission.
v. Wage employment programme & staff component
Information Source: JNNURM Mysore city website
For more information about this mission, visit this link